Early life

Christopher Columbus's background

Christopher Columbus was born before October 31, 1451, in the territory that at the time represented the Republic of Genoa and now is part of modern Italy. Besides being a wool weaver, his father, Domenico Colombo, also owned a cheese stand where Christopher worked as a helper. Being the oldest, Christopher, had one sister and three brothers. In one of his writings, Columbus is mentioning him going to sea at the age of 10. In 1470 his whole family moved to Savona. When still a teenager, he got his job on a merchant ship. Christopher remained at sea until 1476 when pirates attacked the ship he was while it sailed north along the Portuguese coast.

Christopher Columbus's childhood

Even though the boat sank, young Columbus managed to float to shore on a scrap of wood and somehow made his way to Lisbon, where he later studied astronomy, cartography, mathematics, and navigation. In Portugal, he found his brother Bartolomeo and together, they continued trading for the Centurione family. Columbus spent seven years of his life in Portugal, where he married Filipa Moniz Perestrelo. Some records report that Filipa died around 1485, while Christopher was away in Castile. The same year he left Portugal for Castile, where he met Beatriz Enriquez de Arana. Beatriz gave birth to Christopher's natural son Fernando Colombus in 1488. Columbus entrusted his legitimate son Diego to take care of Beatriz, but Diego was negligent in his duties.

Christopher Columbus's education

Ambitious Christopher even learned Castilian, Latin, and Portuguese. There he started to develop the plan that eventually changed the future of the whole world. Throughout his life, the explorer showed interest in the Biblical prophecies by frequently quoting biblical texts in his logs and letters.