A brief history of Christopher Columbus
An Italian colonizer and explorer Christopher Columbus has completed four different voyages across the Atlantic Ocean and opened the New World to conquest that in the future led to permanent European colonization of the Americas. Colombus's expeditions that were sponsored by the Catholic Monarchs led to the first European contact with Central and South America. Even though the explorer's early life is not very clear, scholars usually agree on the fact that he was born in the Republic of Genoa, and his primary language was a dialect of Ligurian. Christopher first went to sea at a young age and traveled, as far north as the British Isles and as far south as today's Ghana.
Christopher married Portuguese woman Filipa Moniz Perestrelo and lived in Lisbon for a few years, but later took a Castilian mistress; he had one son with each woman. Mostly self-educated, Columbus was widely read in such studies as astronomy, geography, and history. Christopher hoped to profit from lucrative spice trade and therefore developed a plan to seek a western passage to the East Indies. After lengthy negotiations, King Ferdinand II and Queen Isabella I finally agreed to sponsor his journey to the west, in the name of the Crown of Castile.
In 1492 the explorer left Castile with only three ships and, after a stopover in the Canary Islands, managed to make landfall in the Americas. He then landed on an island in the Bahamas; its inhabitants knew that as Guanahani. Subsequently, he also visited the islands that today are known as Hispaniola and Cuba. He established a colony in today's Haiti that represents the first European settlement in America since the Norse colonies. Columbus returned to Castile in 1493 and brought several captive natives with him. Very soon, word of his expedition spread throughout the whole of Europe.
Christopher Columbus's voyages
Columbus continued to seek a passage to the East Indies, and he became aware that the Americas were a separate landmass is uncertain. However, the explorer never renounced his belief of him reaching the Far East and even named indigenous peoples as Indios. Later, Christopher's tense relationship with the Spanish crown and its appointed colonial administrators in America finished with his arrest and complete removal from Hispaniola in 1500. Columbus's expeditions inaugurated a period of conquests, exploration, and colonization that lasted for centuries and, in the future, helped to create the modern Western world. The transfers between Old and New Worlds that followed Columbus's first voyage are referred to as the Columbian exchange. The period before his visit is known as the Pre-Columbian era.
Even today, the explorer's legacy is being debated between scholars. Previously Columbus was admired during the centuries, but public perception has changed after giving more attention to some negative aspects of his life.